CHAPTER 3 第3章
Commencement of laytime 装卸时间的起算
So near thereto as she may safely get她能够安全到达的就近地点
3.493 Unlike the previous three phrases, this clause acts by providing an alternative speciﬁed destination, which may take effect if certain conditions are met if the vessel concerned is unable to proceed to its primary destination. The two leading cases on the clause are Dahl v. Nelson, Donkin & Co and The Athamas (Owners) v. Dig Vijay Cement Co Ltd, the former being a decision of the House of Lords and the latter of the Court of Appeal.
3.493不同于上述三个短语，这个条款的作用是提供另一个备选的指定的目的地，在所涉及的船舶无法前往最初指定的目的地情况下，如果满足某种特定的条件，该条文就可以生效。有关这一条款的两个典型案例是Dahl v. Nelson，Donkin & Co案和The Athamas (Owners) v. Dig Vijay Cement Co Ltd案。前一个案例是上议院做出的判决，后者是在上诉法院。
3.494 In The Athamas, Sellers LJ said of this phrase:
The words in that clause vitally affecting this case, ‘‘or so near thereto as she may safely get’’, go back possibly some 150 years to the days of sailing ships and have been in current use in relation to the carriage of goods by sea throughout the era of steamships and their modern successors.
Despite this, the judicial history of the phrase starts in 1855 with a case which was still giving trouble in 1963 and which will be considered later.
3.494在The Athamas —案中，Sellers大法官曾经谈到过这个短语。他说：
3.495 The governing principle behind these words was said by Brett LJ in Nelson v. Dahl to be:
. . . lay days do not begin to run, either for the purpose of loading or unloading, until the shipowner has brought his ship to the primary destination named in the charterparty, so as to be ready, so far as the ship is concerned, to receive or deliver there, unless he is prevented from getting his ship to that destination by some obstruction or disability of such a character that it cannot be overcome by the shipowner by any reasonable means, except within such a time as, having regard to the object of the adventure of both the shipowner and charterer, is as a matter of business wholly unreasonable.
3.495在Nelson v. Dahl案，Brett大法官在审理时谈及了这些词语背后的指导性原则是：